Instruments, Biblical

   The following instruments have been identified in the Old Testament: percussion: bells, cymbals, mena’ane’im ("sistrum," metal rattle), and tof ("tympanum" or "tambourine"); winds: halil ("pipe" or "shawm"), keren ("horn"), {}mashrokita ("pipe" or "flute"), shofar, and trumpet; strings: asor ("ten-stringed" zither), katros ("lyre" or "guitar"), kinnor, nebel ("lyre" likely the same as kinnor), psanterin ("dulcimer" or "psaltery"), and sabkha (triangular harp).

Historical dictionary of sacred music. . 2006.

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